Digital Electronic Computer 'MINSK-22'
Gennadiy Dmitrievich Smirnov, Anatoliy Vikentevich Gerkovich
- Chief designer: V.K. Nadenenko;
- Engineering team (leading specialists): V.P. Kachkov, G.D. Smirnov, V.M. Lenkova, A.P. Kondratjev, M.S. Marolin, et.al.
- Developing organization: Special Design Bureau of G.K. Ordzhonikidze computing machines plant in Minsk. Subjected to the USSR Ministry of Radio producing industry.
- Manufacturing plant: Minsk, G.K. Ordzhonikidze computing machines plant. The Byelorussian Council of National Economy.
- Completion of design: 1964.
- Beginning of serial production: 1965.
- Completion of serial production: 1970.
- Field of application: Electronic computer “Minsk-22” – was widely used by various administrative organizations and industrial enterprises for administrative and business information processing.
- Total number of produced computers (serial production) – 953;
Description of the computer (structure, architecture, peripheral devices)
Digital electronic computer “Minsk-22” was a modified version of “Minsk-2”, with extended set of memory devices, alphanumeric data input-output devices (for punched cards) and alpha-numeric printer.
Semiconductor components P16A (П16 А), diode-transformer valves.
Clock-rate – 250 KHz.
Processing technology as in serial instrument manufacturing.
Autocode for engineering problems – AEP(АКИ), system for symbolic coding (SSC) with macro-facilities, COBOL-based system for data automatic processing.
Technical and operation characteristics
- Average processing speed 5 – 6 thousand ops;
- RAM storage capacity – 8192 words;
- Magnetic tape storage capacity – up to 1,6 mill. words.
Specific features of the computer
The broad variety of “Minsk-22” was based on correspondingly broad set of input and output devices, processing alpha-numeric information.
Sources: (used literature)
- M.S. Margolin, V.K. Nadenenko, G.D. Smirnov. Electronic computer “Minsk-22”. –Minsk Vysshaja Schkola, 1967.
Translated by A. Nitussov